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Ethics / Morality Worldview - What Is The Right and Correct Way to Behave in Life?

    Relative Morality – What is good and right for YOU not necessarily others - walk through life according to your own set of morals. “I cannot say that evil exists only that we are dancing to our DNA” – Richard Dawkins
    vs.
    Absolute Morality – There is good and bad, right and wrong, independent of perception. Morals exist as a result of an escalating level of good that cannot have infinite regress but must trace back to an independent “source” or “fountainhead” i.e. highest level of good that cannot be improved upon or increased any further. To admit that evil exists means by default we must admit that good exists and to admit that both good and evil exist one must then admit that there is a “law” of good and evil that exists and since there is a “law” of good and evil there must be a “law giver” (and this law giver must Himself possess a complete and full knowledge of the greatest of both good and evil – lest He be disqualified as “giver”) this means that since evil exists, so God must exist and since the law of good and evil is not by nature intrinsic – it bespeaks the implicit worth of personhood given to each by God.” – Ravi Zacharias

  1. Questions To Determine What the “Moral” Aspect Is of your Worldview:

    1. Is Mankind Basically Good or Basically Evil?

      1. If Mankind is Basically Evil – Then human beings are basically sinful and in rebellion to their Maker and this brings on the guilt and inner turmoil that requires getting at the source and healing them with repentance, reconciliation, and human responsibility. Suffering can bring development and can bring a greater good.(Theistic Worldview)

      2. If Mankind Is Basically Good - Then human beings must rid themselves of all guilt which is brought on my the evil institutions of Church, family, etc. (Atheism/Marxism). Sometimes these evil desires are repressed (c.f. Buddhism) in order to eliminate all pain and suffering as pain and suffering themselves are evil and must be removed altogether – There is no need of a God or a “giver of morals” in this worldview - all that is needed is education and state-driven indoctrination to bring about an eventual greater good in mankind and to rid the planet of evil (Socialistic, Humanistic Worldview)

      3. Nihilism/Skepticism: Mankind is neither good nor evil as neither concept exists.

      4. Humanism/Naturalism: Mankind is basically good but gets morally hindered by social experience and perception

      5. Atheism/Darwinism: Mankind is basically good and grows into a more moral and civilized being as he evolves.

      6. Environmentalism: Mankind is basically evil and if left to himself would destroy the human race and its environment.

      7. Biblical Christianity: Mankind is basically evil at conception by way of the transmission of an evil sickness called sin which began with the first man and woman and he grows more evil and corrupt over time.

      8. Atheism/Darwinism: Mankind is basically good and evil does not exist – we are all just “dancing to our DNA”.


    2. What Is The Right And Correct Way To Behave in Life?

      1. Consequentialism – As long as the result is “morally good” to me it doesn’t matter what I do to achieve it. The ends justify the means.

      2. Utilitarianism – Everything I do should be to the greatest benefit to the greatest number of people. The well-being of the many outweighs the well-being of the individual.

      3. Hedonism –All that I do must be in pursuit of happiness & pleasure while avoiding all pain “Eat, drink, and be merry for tomorrow we die” Eccl 8:15, Isa 22:13, ICor 15:32

      4. Altruism – I should behave in a way that benefits others especially when it doesn’t benefit me.

      5. Egoism – All things that I do should be in my own best interest and be to my own benefit.

      6. Animism – I hope for the best and do whatever I can to bring about good luck and fortune. I must avoid evil spirits and if that is not possible I must avoid upsetting them and if that is not possible I must appease those that I have upset.

      7. Biblical Christian – All that I do must be an expression of love for The God of the Bible first and love for other people in the same way that I love myself.

    3. Does Evil Exist?

      1. Nihilism/Skeptic/Christian Science: There is no evil in the world, it is the illusion of unenlightened people.

      2. Biblical Christianity: Evil is the result of a curse due to rebellion against the Creator along with perpetual poor choices starting with the very first man and woman to this very day. Mankind is born with it, as a result of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

      3. Atheism/Humanism/Naturalism/Darwinism: Evil exists as a result of poor behavioral choices from one person towards another. It is inherent in DNA (nature), inborn naturally, Deity has nothing to do with it. It is nurtured, and shaped by experience: people, stimuli, etc.

      4. Animism: Evil comes from the wicked spirits that move on the earth and sometimes possess trees, rivers, animals, and people

      5. Hinduism: Evil comes from a cyclical series of bad choices over the course of thousands of years of repeated lives and sometimes life forms.

    4. Why do good things happen to good people?

      1. Atheism: Its a matter of pure chance, not luck, nor destiny, just chance

      2. Fatalism/Hinduism: What goes around, comes around, its the law of the universe (not a Deity)

      3. Theism: Islam, Roman Catholicism - God rewards good people with good things

      4. Biblical Christianity: No one deserves good things. All good comes as a gift from a generous God.

    5. Why do good things happen to bad people?

      1. Atheism: Its a matter of pure chance, not luck, nor destiny, just chance

      2. Monotheism: Good things are sent even to evil people by a Deity as a special gift to teach them to be good

      3. Monotheism: God gives good things to all people good & bad without discretion at times

      4. Pantheism: Good is a reward received in this life from good deeds done in a past life./li>
      5. Cynicism: There is no rhyme or reason whatsoever to the universe. Life is not fair

      6. Humanism/Pessimism: Combination of Atheism with Cynicism answers above

      7. Biblical Christianity: For some, God causes the rain to fall on the righteous and the unrighteous as an act of His grace; For others, God has put the wicked in “slippery” places whereby they will never repent as they will never see a need to repent in light of the supposed “good” things they have.


    6. Why do bad things happen to good people?

      1. Atheism: Its a matter of pure chance, not luck, nor destiny, just chance

      2. Fatalism/Humanism: What goes around, comes around, its the law of the universe (not a Deity)

      3. Monotheism: Islam - God repays bad people with bad things


      4. Monotheism: Christianity - for some people (no one is truly good - as all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God) it is the result of living in a fallen world among fallen people (those in sin and rebellion against the God of the Bible); The bad is allowed in order to bring about a greater good - more people being saved, growth, maturity, and fruitfulness in the life of a believer (bad person saved by Grace through Jesus’ death on the cross and subsequent resurrection from the dead)

      5. Humanism: Combination of Atheism, Fatalism, and Relativism answers

      6. Relativism: The notion of “bad” or “good” people or ‘things’ is highly subjective and depends on which specific things and people you mean

Other Types of Moral/Ethics World Views - Which one do you most identify with?

  1. Egoism – any and all acts “ought to” serve one’s self interest and betterment and are thus morally good and right. c.f. satanism. Somewhat opposite to altruism

  2. Altruism – ‘alter = other’ - Sacrificing yourself for the good of the many is a superior moral doctrine particularly if it is NOT good for the person performing the moral act– a form of consequentialism – any act which brings good consequences is a morally “good” act.

  3. Nihilism – Both a philosophy of religion (or toward religion) and an ethical view which involves a general rejection of established social conventions and beliefs, especially of morality and religion

  4. Free Will

  5. Cynicism - believes that human actions are insincere and motivated by self-interest

  6. Pacifism

  7. Humanism

  8. Relativism - The belief that ethical/moral concepts such as right and wrong, goodness and badness are dependent upon culture, specific situations, or historical application and are not absolute in any way.

  9. Hedonism – An ethical theory that identifies good as “happiness” and “happiness” as defined by the presence of pleasure and the absence of pain (c.f. Buddhism – cessation of pain). This view places the pursuit of pleasure as a measure of good itself mistaking a result of “good” for being “good” in and of itself. “Eat, drink, and be merry for tomorrow we die!” Hedonism can also be categorized as a “methodology” within the fuller picture of one’s worldview.

  10. Objectivism

  11. Cognitivism

  12. Absolutism – A philosophical theory in which values such as truth or morality are absolute and not conditional upon human perception.

  13. Determinism - Belief that everything, including every human act, is caused by something and that there is no real free will

  14. Libertarianism

  15. Compatibilism

  16. Situationalism

  17. Utilitarianism - The ethical doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the criterion of the virtue of action

  18. Laissez-Faire - The laissez-faire approach to one's own philosophy of ethics and morals is usually consistent with one's own praxeology or methodology which is usually laissez-faire itself. This approach or attitude toward the formulation and maintenance of a moral or ethical structure insists on personal freedom's and liberties to formulate one's own choices and actions. i.e. Jungian Psychology - "Each person is basically good and must find their own way." or "Don't push your morals on me!" are both laissez-faire attitudes toward one's ethical or moral philosophy of life.

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